Family Heirlooms – Artefacts from the past

Decorative Comb – (Bastian de Fonseka 1770)

Head ornaments were part of the attire of men of high position such as Mudaliyar, Muhandiram and other officials.

The family has retained to date a comb used by Bastian de Fonseka, Muhandiram (Act of appointment 5-10-1770). The comb made of what is popularly known as ‘Tortoise Shell’, carries his monogram with the year of appointment.

A research article by Mr Anslem de Silva sheds more light on these combs. The head ornaments have been turned out from marine turtle or the upper shell of the hawksbill sea turtle, and not ‘tortoise shells’ as mentioned in literature. The common horseshoe-shaped ‘bent’ head-comb (nemi panawa) and the ‘upright’ comb (kelin panawa) – were worn by men of high position in society or government in the southern or western coastal areas on special occasions until the early 1940s. Some upright combs were expensive as they were ornamented with gold or silver and inlaid with precious gemstones. Sometimes ordinary workers too wore simple bent combs. Referring to archaeological evidence, Mr. de Silva says that there is no proof of the use of head ornaments turned out from turtle scute in Sri Lanka before the Dutch period (1658 to 1796).

Reference: ‘Marine turtle-shell head ornaments of Sri Lanka’, published in the Journal of the Department of Wildlife Conservation. Anslem de Silva

Mudaliyar Sash.

Also amongst the collection is a sash worn by Mudaliar Fredrick de Fonseka as part of the ceremonial attire. These intricately worked sashes were worn across the chest and shoulder, and carried the ceremonial sword worn on these occasions.

The images below shows the usage of the sash in the attire of a Mudaliyar, and on extreme right, Mudaliyar Henry Fredrick de Fonseka.

The intricate brass work has now oxidized, giving it a dull black look. Below that is an image of a Mudaliar wearing the comb and the sash, with the decorative hilt.